Yellow-crowned Amazon – Amazona ochrocephala (Gmelin, JF, 1788) – is a large green parrot with a characteristic yellow forehead and relatively short square tail.
They are very social and usually seen in pairs or flocks with larger gatherings at communal roosts or feeding areas.
The lifespan is up to 50-60 years.
Overall green plumage with yellow forehead and forecrown. The green feathers on nape and back are edged with black. Red bend of wing. The base of the first five secondaries is red – the other secondaries have a green base. Green thighs washed with yellow. Orange eye with white eye ring white. The bill is dark grey with orange sides of upper mandible.
The juveniles have similar colors but are duller; less yellow on forehead and less red on bend of wing; the bill is dark brown/grey; eyes are brown.
Size: 31-38 cm
Weight: 380-500 g
Amazona ochrocephala panamensis
The habitat ranges from western Panama to eastern Peru and northern Bolivia.
They prefer lowland tropical forests, woodlands, mangroves and savannas but can also be seen on cultivated land and suburban areas.
Wild birds feed on ripe fruit from various cacti, seeds, nuts and berries. Also feeds on maize.
Yellow-crowned Amazon is common (nominate subspecies) in aviculture; the A.o.panamensis subspecies is uncommon.
A vertical box about 30 x 30 x 60 is used as nest box.
The clutch usually contains 3 eggs that are incubated for 26 days. The chicks are fledged after 9-11 weeks.