CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments that regulate international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants. The purpose is to protect species from becoming extinct.

CITES maintains lists with endangered species threatened by extinction:

  • Species listed in CITES Appendix I are threatened by extinction; trade in these species is only permitted in exceptional circumstances!
  • Species listed in CITES Appendix II are not immediately threatened by extinction but trading must be controlled in order to ensure their survival.
  • Species listed in CITES Appendix III are protected in at least one country

NOTICE: All parrot species belong to the order Psittaciformes, which is included in CITES Appendix II except for those species that are included in Appendix I; also excluded are Rosy-faced Lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis), Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus), Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) and Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula Krameri), which are not included in any of the CITES appendixes.

CITES aims to restrict import/export of endangered species but national laws may be more strict and also restrict local trading! Make sure to have the necessary permits!

For more information:

The Hyacinth Macaw – Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus – is one of many species threatened by extinction and listed on CITES Appendix I. 

EU Wildlife Trade Regulations

All countries in the European Union (EU) must implement the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations. These regulations aim to implement CITES uniformly in all European countries.

The EU Wildlife Trade Regulations lists endangered species as:

  • Annex A: All species from CITES Appendix I except those where EU member states have entered a reservation. Also lists some CITES Appendix II + III and some non-CITES species.
  • Annex B: All other species from CITES Appendix II except those where EU member states have entered a reservation + some non-CITES species.
  • Annex C: All other species from CITES Appendix III except those where EU member states have entered a reservation.
  • Annex D: Some CITES Appendix III species for which EU holds a reservation + some non-CITES species.

Notice the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations are more strict than CITES!

For more information:

CITES Appendix I

CITES restricts the trading of wild birds; species listed on CITES Appendix I may only be traded if you have a special permit, which require some exceptional circumstances!

However, birds breed in captivity may be traded as long as the seller provide a CITES certificate which documents the bird has been breed in captivity. If you are a breeder you must contact your national CITES agency to acquire a certificate before trading!

The following species are listed on CITES Appendix I (updated on July 14th, 2021):

  • Amazona arausiaca – Red-necked Amazon
  • Amazona auropalliata – Yellow-naped Amazon
  • Amazona barbadensis – Yellow-shouldered Amazon
  • Amazona brasiliensis – Red-tailed Amazon
  • Amazona finschi – Lilac-crowned Amazon
  • Amazona guildingii – St. Vincent Amazon
  • Amazona imperialis – Imperial Amazon
  • Amazona leucocephala – Cuban Amazon
  • Amazona oratrix – Yellow-headed Amazon
  • Amazona pretrei – Red-spectacled Amazon
  • Amazona rhodocorytha – Red-browed Amazon
  • Amazona tucumana – Tucuman Amazon
  • Amazona versicolor –  St. Lucia Amazon
  • Amazona vinacea – Vinaceous-breasted Amazon
  • Amazona viridigenalis –  Red-crowned Amazon
  • Amazona vittata –  Puerto Rican Amazon
  • Anodorhynchus glaucus – Glaucous Macaw
  • Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus – Hyacinth Macaw
  • Anodorhynchus leari – Lear’s Macaw
  • Ara ambiguus – Great Green Macaw
  • Ara glaucogularis – Blue-throated Macaw
  • Ara macao – Scarlet Macaw
  • Ara militaris – Military Macaw
  • Ara rubrogenys – Red-fronted Macaw
  • Cacatua goffiniana – Tanimbar Corella
  • Cacatua haematuropygia – Red-vented Cockatoo
  • Cacatua moluccensis – Salmon-crested Cockatoo
  • Cacatua sulphurea – Yellow-crested Cockatoo
  • Cyanopsitta spixii – Spix’s Macaw
  • Cyanoramphus cookii – Norfolk Parakeet
  • Cyanoramphus forbesi – Chatham Parakeet
  • Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae – Red-crowned Parakeet
  • Cyanoramphus saisseti – New Caledonian Parakeet
  • Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni – Double-eyed Fig Parrot (coxeni)
  • Eos histrio – Red-and-blue Lory
  • Eunymphicus cornutus – Horned Parakeet
  • Guarouba guarouba – Golden Parakeet
  • Neophema chrysogaster – Orange-bellied Parrot
  • Ognorhynchus icterotis – Yellow-eared Parrot
  • Pezoporus occidentalis – Night Parrot
  • Pezoporus wallicus – Eastern Ground Parrot
  • Pionopsitta pileata – Pileated Parrot
  • Primolius couloni – Blue-headed Macaw
  • Primolius maracana – Blue-winged Macaw
  • Probosciger aterrimus – Palm Cockatoo
  • Psephotus chrysopterygius – Golden-shouldered Parrot
  • Psephotus dissimilis – Hooded Parrot
  • Psephotus pulcherrimus – Paradise Parrot
  • Psittacula echo – Echo Parakeet
  • Psittacus erithacus – Grey Parrot
  • Pyrrhura cruentata – Ochre-marked Parakeet
  • Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha – Thick-billed Parrot
  • Rhynchopsitta terrisi – Maroon-fronted Parrot
  • Strigops habroptila –  Kakapo
  • Vini ultramarina – Ultramarine Lorikeet

All other parrot species are included in Appendix II with the following exceptions, which are not listed in any CITES Appendix: 

  • Rosy-faced Lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis), 
  • Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus), 
  • Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus)
  • Rose-ringed Parakeet (Psittacula Krameri)

Gulkindet Amazone – Amazona autumnalis – is listed on CITES Appendix II like most parrot species are.