Vinaceous-breasted AmazonAmazona vinacea (Kuhl, 1820) – is easily recognized by by the color of its breast. They are a very vigorous chewer so make sure you provide plenty of bird-safe chew toys.

With proper care they can reach 50 years.

They are endangered due to deforestation and trapping for wild bird trade. It is estimated that only about 1000-2500 mature wild birds exist today. Vinaceous-breasted Amazon is listed on CITES Appendix I.

Description

Large green parrot with red lores and frontal band. As implied by the English name the breast is red/lilac. The tail is green with dark red base.  Red eyes with grey eye ring. The bill is dull pink with horn colored tip.

Juveniles are duller in general and the red frontal band is smaller. The breast is washed with green. Brown eyes. The bill is horn colored with pink base of upper mandible.

Size: 30 cm
Weight: 370 g

Taxonomy

  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genus: Amazona

Synonyms

  • Danish: Vinrød Amazone
  • English: Vinaceous-breasted Amazon, Vinaceous-breasted Parrot, Vinaceous Amazon, Vinaceous Parrot
  • French: Amazone vineuse
  • German: Taubenhalsamazon
  • Portuguese: papagaio-de-peito-roxo
  • Spanish: Amazona de Pecho Vinoso, Amazona Vinosa, Loro vináceo

IUCN Red List

BirdLife International. 2017. Amazona vinaceaThe IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22686374A118954406. 
https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T22686374A118954406.en
Downloaded on 09 January 2021.

Habitat

Their natural habitat ranges from eastern Paraguay to southeastern Brazil and also a small population in northeastern Argentina.

They inhabits lowland forests and grasslands but can also be seen in highland forests up to 2000 m.

They are usually found in pairs or small flocks but can also be seen in larger flocks with about 30 individuals. They nest in the hollow of a large tree.

Diet

Wild birds feed on buds, new leaves, fruits, seeds and flowers. They may also feed on cultivated crops.

Aviculture

They are uncommon in captivity.

The aviary should be at least 3m long. A vertical box about 30 x 30 x 60 cm (12″ x 12 x 24″) can be used as nest box.

The clutch usually contains 3-4 eggs, that are incubated for ~28 days. The chicks reach fledging age after 7-9 weeks.