Deroptyus accipitrinus – Red-fan Parrot

The Red-fan Parrot (Deroptyus accipitrinus) is the only member of the genus Deroptyus. This species was first described in 1758 by the Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus. Later, in 1905, the subspecies D. a. fuscifrons was described by the Austrian ornithologist Carl Eduard Hellmayr.

The Red-fan Parrot is not common in aviculture, but some are kept as pets or as aviary birds. They can show aggression towards other birds, especially during breeding season, and it is recommended to keep them in separate aviaries. As pets they can be unpredictable and also show aggression towards humans, so they require an experienced owner; this species is not recommended for beginners.

With good care the lifespan is about 30 years.

They are not very gregarious but can be seen in small groups of 3-4 birds. Roosts in tree crowns in small groups.

Its habitat covers a large range and it is not threatened according to IUCN. It is listed in CITES Appendix II.

Description

The neck feathers are red with purple tips; the elongated neck feathers can be raised to form a fan, thereby increasing the size of the bird and possibly scaring potential attackers away.

The face is brown with white streaks. The chest is dark red scalloped with blue. The eyes are yellow with bare grey eye-ring. The wings and flanks are green; the long wide tail is also green. The bill is dark grey/black.

Size: 35 cm
Weight: 190-277 g

Habitat

Amazonia in South America.

Found in lowland rainforest.

Subspecies

Two subspecies are recognized:

Deroptyus accipitrinus accipitrinus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Northern Red-fan Parrot:

  • The forehead and crown is white; the tail is maroon at base.
  • It is found north of the Amazon River from south-eastern Colombia to north-eastern Peru, northern Brazil and the Guianas.

Deroptyus accipitrinus fuscifrons (Hellmayr, 1905) - Southern Red-fan Parrot:

  • The forehead and crown is dusty brown with faint white streaks; the tail is missing the maroon base.
  • It is found in Brazil south of the Amazon River from Pará to northern Mato Grosso.

All photos and video on this page show the nominate subspecies D. a. accipitrinus.

Diet

Feeds on fruits, leaves and buds in the canopy. Also feed on Inga and Guava in cultivated areas.

Breeding

The Red-fan Parrot nests in holes in trees and stumps.

The clutch usually contain 2-4 eggs, that are incubated for 25-26 days. The chicks start to fledge after 9-10 weeks.

Taxonomy

  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genus: Deroptyus

Synonyms

  • Danish: Kravepapegøje
  • English: Red-fan Parrot, Hawk-headed Parrot, Hawk-headed Caique, Northern Red-fan Parrot, Southern Red-fan Parrot
  • French:  Papegeai maillé, Perroquet accipitrin, Perroquet maillé, Perroquet papegai
  • German: Fächerpapagei
  • Portuguese: Anacã, Curiba-bacabal, Maracanã-guaçu, Papagaio-de-coleira, Vanaquiá
  • Spanish: Lora Gavilana, Loro Cacique

IUCN Red List

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Version 2018-1. <www.iucnredlist.org>.
Downloaded on 19 July 2018.

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