Amazona festiva – Festive Amazon

Southern Festive Amazon - Amazona festiva festiva
Photo credit: Copyright © Sergio Gregorio via Instagram @sergiogregoriophoto

Festive Amazon - Amazona festiva (Linnaeus, 1758) - is a large green parrot native to South America; two subspecies are recognized (see below). It is uncommon in captivity.

They are shy but can become very tame; they are very intelligent and talented at imitating words and simple sentences.

They have a very gentle temper and are rarely aggressive.

They are only moderate noisy but can be very noisy when travelling in flocks.

They love to gnaw with their strong beak so a solid aviary is recommended! Provide plenty of birds-safe fresh branches and gnawing toys.

The average lifespan is 40 years or more.

The global population has not been quantified but [IUCN] has classified the Festive Parrot as Near Threatened due to habitat loss, hunting and trapping.

Description

The plumage is generally green with red lores and a narrow frontal band. Blue area above and behind the eyes. The lower back and rump is red. The tail has a yellowish tip. The primaries are dark blue. The bill is dark grey. The eyes are orange with grey eye ring.

Juveniles have similar but duller colours; the lower back is green with only few red feathers; brown eyes.

Length: 34-35 cm
Weight: 370 gram

Habitat

South America: Venezuela, western Amazonia.

Tree dwelling parrot located in moist lowland (below 500 m) forests and woodlands near rivers.

The birds are monogamous and are usually seen in pairs or in smaller groups. However, they can gather into larger groups in large trees with plenty of fruit.

Subspecies

Amazona festiva festiva (Linnaeus, 1758) - Southern Festive Amazon

  • Habitat: Western Amazonia
  • Nominate species, colours as described above. Dark red lores and narrow frontal band. Green cheeks.

Amazona festiva bodini (Finsch, 1873) - Northern Festive Amazon

  • Habitat: Eastern Colombia and eastern Venezuela
  • The red band extends to forehead and forecrown. Body colour more yellowish green. Blue cheeks extending over and behind eyes.

Diet

Wild birds feed on seeds, nuts, fruits, berries, flowers and leaf buds.

Breeding

The clutch usually has 2-3 eggs that are incubated about 28 days. The chick reach fledging age after 8 weeks.

Taxonomy

  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Psittacidae
  • Genus: Amazona

Synonyms

  • Danish: Blåstrubet Amazone
  • English: Festive Amazon, Festive Parrot,  Red-backed Amazon, Red-backed Parrot
  • French: Amazona festiva, Amazone tavoua
  • German:  Blaubartamazone, Blaubrauenamazone
  • Portuguese: Papa-cacau, Papagaio-da-várzea, Tauá, Tavua
  • Spanish: Amazona de Lomo Rojo, Amazona Festiva, Amazona festiva sureña, Lora Festiva, Loro Lomirrojo

IUCN Red List

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Version 2017-3. <www.iucnredlist.org>.
Downloaded on 16 June 2018.

Northern Festive Amazon - Amazona festiva bodini
Photo credit: Christopher G from Tulsa Oklahoma, USA (Amazon Parrot) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

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