The Ara genus includes several large parrots with a large powerful beak, long tail and very colourful plumage. On several species the naked white skin around the eyes extends down to the lower mandible.

Due to their size they require a large spacious aviary. The powerful beak can easily the destroy wire mesh used for smaller parrots, so make sure to use a strong mesh and use stainless steel or aluminium for the frame of the aviary. Provide plenty of branches and other chew toys.

The Ara species are known in aviculture as "Macaws" but they are not the only Macaw species; see below for other Macaw species.

The Macaws are easily tamed. They are however not as skilled "talkers" as other parrots.



Ara ambiguus
Great Green Macaw

Ara ararauna
Blue-and-yellow Macaw

Ara chloropterus
Red-and-green Macaw

Ara glaucogularis
Blue-throated Macaw

Ara macao
Scarlet Macaw

Ara militaris
Military Macaw

Ara rubrogenys
Red-fronted Macaw

Ara severus
Chestnut-fronted Macaw

Ara tricolor
Cuban Macaw

Photo credits:

  • Blue-throated Macaw : Ted
  • Chestnut-fronted Macaw : Eric Savage
  • Cuban Macaw : Jacques Barraband

Species & Subspecies

  • Ara ambiguus (Bechstein, 1811) - Great Green Macaw
    • Ara ambiguus ambiguus (Bechstein, 1811)
    • Ara ambiguus guayaquilensis (Chapman, 1925)
  • Ara ararauna (Linnaeus, 1758) - Blue-and-yellow Macaw
  • Ara chloropterus (Gray, GR, 1859) - Red-and-green Macaw
  • Ara glaucogularis (Dabbene, 1921) - Blue-throated Macaw
  • Ara macao (Linnaeus, 1758) - Scarlet Macaw
    • Ara macao macao (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Ara macao cyanopterus (Wiedenfeld, 1995)
  • Ara militaris (Linnaeus, 1766) - Military Macaw
    • Ara militaris militaris (Linnaeus, 1766)
    • Ara militaris bolivianus (Reichenow, 1908)
    • Ara militaris mexicanus (Ridgway, 1915)
  • Ara rubrogenys (Lafresnaye, 1847) - Red-fronted Macaw
  • Ara severus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Chestnut-fronted Macaw
  • Ara tricolor (Bechstein, 1811) - Cuban Macaw