The Psittacula genus comprises 15 species and several subspecies. Most species have mostly a green plumage and different colors on the head. The bill is large and strong and the tail is long.

The genus is geographically widespread with most species found in South-East Asia but also Africa and some islands in the Indian Ocean.

They are commonly known as  Afro-Asian ringnecked parakeets. They are good flyers and should be kept in a spacious aviary. Most species may appear aggressively and should be kept in pairs.

The Rose-ringed Parakeet is one of the most widely distributed of all parrots and was the first bird to be breed in captivity. People in India started breeding these birds more than 3,000 years ago introducing several colour mutations. They were admired for their beautiful colors and ability to speak and was considered a popular status symbol in Indian culture. Even the royals prized the Rose-ringed Parakeet. It was the first parrot to be introduced in Europe, where the Greeks started breeding these beautiful parrots.


Psittacula alexandri
Red-breasted Parakeet

Psittacula calthrapae
Layard's Parakeet

Psittacula caniceps
Nicobar Parakeet

Psittacula columboides
Malabar Parakeet

Psittacula cyanocephala
Plum-headed Parakeet

Psittacula derbiana
Derbyan Parakeet

Psittacula eques
Echo Parakeet

Psittacula eupatria
Alexandrine Parakeet

Psittacula exsul
Newton's Parakeet

Psittacula finschii
Gray-headed Parakeet

Psittacula himalayana
Slaty-headed Parakeet

Psittacula krameri
Rose-ringed Parakeet

Psittacula longicauda
Long-tailed Parakeet

Psittacula roseata
Blossom-headed Parakeet

Psittacula wardi
Seychelles Parakeet

Species and subspecies

  • Psittacula alexandri (Linnaeus, 1758) - Red-breasted Parakeet
    • Psittacula alexandri alexandri (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Psittacula alexandri abbotti (Oberholser, 1919)
    • Psittacula alexandri cala (Oberholser, 1912)
    • Psittacula alexandri dammermani (Chasen & Kloss, 1932)
    • Psittacula alexandri fasciata (Statius Müller, PL, 1776)
    • Psittacula alexandri kangeanensis (Hoogerwerf, 1962)
    • Psittacula alexandri major (Richmond, 1902)
    • Psittacula alexandri perionca (Oberholser, 1912)
  • Psittacula bensoni (Holyoak, 1973) - Mascarene Grey Parakeet
  • Psittacula calthrapae (Blyth, 1849) - Layard's Parakeet
  • Psittacula caniceps (Blyth, 1846) - Nicobar Parakeet
  • Psittacula columboides (Vigors, 1830) - Blue-winged Parakeet
  • Psittacula cyanocephala (Linnaeus, 1766) - Plum-headed Parakeet
  • Psittacula derbiana (Fraser, 1852) - Lord Derby's Parakeet
  • Psittacula eques (Boddaert, 1783) - Echo Parakeet
    • Psittacula eques eques (Boddaert, 1783)
    • Psittacula eques echo (Newton, A & Newton, E, 1876)
  • Psittacula eupatria (Linnaeus, 1766) - Alexandrine Parakeet
    • Psittacula eupatria eupatria (Linnaeus, 1766)
    • Psittacula eupatria avensis (Kloss, 1917)
    • Psittacula eupatria magnirostris (Ball, 1872)
    • Psittacula eupatria nipalensis (Hodgson, 1836)
    • Psittacula eupatria siamensis (Kloss, 1917)
  • Psittacula exsul (Newton, A, 1872) - Newton's Parakeet
  • Psittacula finschii (Hume, 1874) - Grey-headed Parakeet
  • Psittacula himalayana (Lesson, R, 1831) - Slaty-headed Parakeet
  • Psittacula krameri (Scopoli, 1769) - Rose-ringed Parakeet
    • Psittacula krameri krameri (Scopoli, 1769)
    • Psittacula krameri borealis (Neumann, 1915)
    • Psittacula krameri manillensis (Bechstein, 1800)
    • Psittacula krameri parvirostris (Souancé, 1856)
  • Psittacula longicauda (Boddaert, 1783) - Long-tailed Parakeet
    • Psittacula longicauda longicauda (Boddaert, 1783)
    • Psittacula longicauda defontainei (Chasen, 1935)
    • Psittacula longicauda modesta (Fraser, 1845)
    • Psittacula longicauda nicobarica (Gould, 1857)
    • Psittacula longicauda tytleri (Hume, 1874)
  • Psittacula roseata (Biswas, 1951) - Blossom-headed Parakeet
    • Psittacula roseata roseata (Biswas, 1951)
    • Psittacula roseata juneae (Biswas, 1951)
  • Psittacula wardi (Newton, E, 1867) - Seychelles Parakeet