Parrots from the Amazona genus are commonly known as Amazon Parrots. They are medium sized parrots of mainly green plumage native in a wide range from South America to Mexico and the Caribbean. The Amazona genus consists of 30 species and several sub-species.

The parrots in the Amazona genus are very common as pets and also among breeders. Some species are now threatened due to a large demand of pet birds. Capturing wild birds for pet trade is now illegal according to CITES, which will hopefully allow the population of those species to increase.

Amazon Parrots require a lot of attention if they are to be kept as single pet bird. They are very noisy by nature and can scream very loud and very long if they are lacking attention or get upset. 

One should be aware that birds often relate to a single person and may seem repulsive to all others. They are highly intelligent and able to imitate different sounds, words or simple sentences. They can live for 50 years or longer in captivity so you get a friend for life with a pet Amazon parrot.

In an outdoor aviary be aware that they generally do not tolerate frost but require at least 5ºC in winter and therefore need an insulated and heated shed.


The Amazon Parrots was originally named Amazone in the 18th century by the French naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc also known as Comte de Buffon, who believed these parrots was native to the Amazonian jungles - hence the name. In 1830 the genus Amazona was established by French ornithologist René Primevère Lesson as a proper Latinized version of the previous name.


Amazona aestiva
Turquoise-fronted Amazon

Amazona agilis
Black-billed Amazon

Amazona albifrons
White-fronted Amazon

Amazona amazonica
Orange-winged Amazon

Amazona arausiaca
Red-necked Amazon

Amazona auropalliata
Yellow-naped Amazon

Amazona autumnalis
Red-lored Amazon

Amazona barbadensis
Yellow-shouldered Amazon

Amazona brasiliensis
Red-tailed Amazon

Amazona collaria
Yellow-billed Amazon

Amazona diadema
Diademed Amazon

Amazona dufresniana
Blue-cheeked Amazon

Amazona farinosa
Southern Mealy Amazon

Amazona festiva
Festive Amazon

Amazona finschi
Lilac-crowned Amazon

Amazona guatemalae
Northern Mealy Amazon

Amazona guildingii
St. Vincent Amazon

Amazona imperialis
Imperial Amazon

Amazona kawalli
Kawall's Amazon

Amazona leucocephala
Cuban Amazon

Amazona mercenarius
Scaly-naped Amazon

Amazona ochrocephala
Yellow-crowned Amazon

Amazona oratrix
Yellow-headed Amazon

Amazona pretrei
Red-spectacled Amazon

Amazona rhodocorytha
Red-browed Amazon

Amazona tresmariae
Tres Marias Amazon

Amazona tucumana
Tucuman Amazon

Amazona ventralis
Hispaniolan Amazon

Amazona versicolor
St. Lucia Amazon

Amazona vinacea
Vinaceous-breasted Amazon

Amazona viridigenalis
Red-crowned Amazon

Amazona vittata
Puerto Rican Amazon

Amazona xantholora
Yucatan Amazon

Photo credits:

  • Festive Amazon: Sergio Gregorio

Species and subspecies

  • Amazona aestiva (Linnaeus, 1758) - Turquoise-fronted Amazon
    • Amazona aestiva aestiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx (von Berlepsch, 1896)
  • Amazona agilis (Linnaeus, 1758) - Black-billed Amazon
  • Amazona albifrons (Sparrman, 1788) - White-fronted Amazon
    • Amazona albifrons albifrons (Sparrman, 1788)
    • Amazona albifrons nana (Miller, W, 1905)
    • Amazona albifrons saltuensis (Nelson, 1899)
  • Amazona amazonica (Linnaeus, 1766) - Orange-winged Amazon
  • Amazona arausiaca (Statius Müller, PL, 1776) - Red-necked Amazon
  • Amazona auropalliata (Lesson, R, 1842) - Yellow-naped Amazon
    • Amazona auropalliata auropalliata (Lesson, R, 1842)
    • Amazona auropalliata caribaea (Lousada, 1989)
    • Amazona auropalliata parvipes (Monroe & Howell, TR, 1966)
  • Amazona autumnalis (Linnaeus, 1758) - Red-lored Amazon
    • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Amazona autumnalis lilacina (Lesson, R, 1844)
    • Amazona autumnalis salvini (Salvadori, 1891)
  • Amazona barbadensis (Gmelin, JF, 1788) - Yellow-shouldered Amazon
  • Amazona brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1758) - Red-tailed Amazon
  • Amazona collaria (Linnaeus, 1758) - Yellow-billed Amazon
  • Amazona diadema (von Spix, 1824) - Diademed Amazon
  • Amazona dufresniana (Shaw, 1812) - Blue-cheeked Amazon
  • Amazona farinosa (Boddaert, 1783) - Southern Mealy Amazon
  • Amazona festiva (Linnaeus, 1758) - Festive Amazon
    • Amazona festiva festiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Amazona festiva bodini (Finsch, 1873)
  • Amazona finschi (Sclater, PL, 1864) - Lilac-crowned Amazon
  • Amazona guatemalae (Sclater, PL, 1860) - Northern Mealy Amazon
    • Amazona guatemalae guatemalae (Sclater, PL, 1860)
    • Amazona guatemalae virenticeps (Salvadori, 1891)
  • Amazona guildingii (Vigors, 1837) - St. Vincent Amazon
  • Amazona imperialis (Richmond, 1899) - Imperial Amazon
  • Amazona kawalli (Grantsau & Camargo, 1989) - Kawall's Amazon
  • Amazona leucocephala (Linnaeus, 1758) - Cuban Amazon
    • Amazona leucocephala leucocephala (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Amazona leucocephala bahamensis (Bryant, H, 1867)
    • Amazona leucocephala caymanensis (Cory, 1886)
    • Amazona leucocephala hesterna (Bangs, 1916)
  • Amazona mercenarius (Tschudi, 1844) - Scaly-naped Amazon
    • Amazona mercenarius mercenarius (Tschudi, 1844)
    • Amazona mercenarius canipalliata (Cabanis, 1874)
  • Amazona ochrocephala (Gmelin, JF, 1788) - Yellow-crowned Amazon
    • Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala (Gmelin, JF, 1788)
    • Amazona ochrocephala nattereri (Finsch, 1865)
    • Amazona ochrocephala panamensis (Cabanis, 1874)
    • Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema (von Berlepsch, 1913)
  • Amazona oratrix (Ridgway, 1887) - Yellow-headed Amazon
    • Amazona oratrix oratrix (Ridgway, 1887)
    • Amazona oratrix belizensis (Monroe & Howell, TR, 1966)
    • Amazona oratrix hondurensis (Lousada & Howell, SNG, 1997)
  • Amazona pretrei (Temminck, 1830) - Red-spectacled Amazon
  • Amazona rhodocorytha (Salvadori, 1890) - Red-browed Amazon
  • Amazona tresmariae (Nelson, 1900) - Tres Marias Amazon
  • Amazona tucumana (Cabanis, 1885) - Tucuman Amazon
  • Amazona ventralis (Statius Müller, PL, 1776) - Hispaniolan Amazon
  • Amazona versicolor (Statius Müller, PL, 1776) - St. Lucia Amazon
  • Amazona vinacea (Kuhl, 1820) - Vinaceous-breasted Amazon
  • Amazona viridigenalis (Cassin, 1853) - Red-crowned Amazon
  • Amazona vittata (Boddaert, 1783) - Puerto Rican Amazon
    • Amazona vittata vittata (Boddaert, 1783)
    • Amazona vittata gracilipes (Ridgway, 1915)
  • Amazona xantholora (Gray, GR, 1859) - Yucatan Amazon