Yellow-crowned Amazon - Amazona ochrocephala (Gmelin, JF, 1788) - is a large green parrot with a characteristic yellow forehead and relatively short square tail.
The yellow patch on the forehead can vary in size, which may cause confusion with Yellow-naped Amazon (Amazona auropalliata), Yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix) and Southern Mealy Amazon (Amazona farinosa).
They are very social and usually seen in pairs or flocks with larger gatherings at communal roosts or feeding areas.
The lifespan is up to 50-60 years.
The Yellow-crowned Amazon is included on CITES Appendix II.
BirdLife International. 2016. Amazona guatemalae.
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T45430583A95154327.
Downloaded on 25 June 2020.
Overall green plumage with yellow forehead and forecrown. The green feathers on nape and back are edged with black. Red bend of wing. The base of the first five secondaries is red - the other secondaries have a green base. Green thighs washed with yellow. Orange eye with white eye ring white. The bill is dark grey with orange sides of upper mandible.
The juveniles have similar colors but are duller; less yellow on forehead and less red on bend of wing; the bill is dark brown/grey; eyes are brown.
Size: 31-38 cm
Weight: 380-500 g
Yellow-crowned Amazon (Amazona ochrocephala panamensis) (right) sleeping next to Yellow-headed Amazon (Amazona oratrix) (left)
The habitat ranges from western Panama to eastern Peru and northern Bolivia.
They prefer lowland tropical forests, woodlands, mangroves and savannas but can also be seen on cultivated land and suburban areas.
Wild birds feed on ripe fruit from various cacti, seeds, nuts and berries. Also feeds on maize.
Yellow-crowned Amazon is common (nominate subspecies) in aviculture; the A.o.panamensis subspecies is uncommon.
A vertical box about 30 x 30 x 60 is used as nest box.
The clutch usually contains 3 eggs that are incubated for 26 days. The chicks are fledged after 9-11 weeks.
Amazona ochrocephala panamensis