Pionus are medium sized parrots (20-29 cm, most species about 28 cm) native to Central and South America. With their stocky body and short square tail they kind of look like a small Amazon parrot but their colours are more subdued.

Pionus parrots are popular pets as they are very gentle and not as noisy as other parrot species. They are not as skilled at "talking" but with a little patience and training they can learn to mimic words and short sentences.

Thank you Bjarne Raabjerg for aiding with information and photos of Pionus!


Pionus chalcopterus
Bronze-winged Parrot

Pionus fuscus
Dusky Parrot

Pionus maximiliani
Scaly-headed Parrot

Pionus menstruus
Blue-headed Parrot

Pionus senilis
White-crowned Parrot

Pionus seniloides
White-capped Parrot

Pionus sordidus
Red-billed Parrot

Pionus tumultuosus
Plum-crowned Parrot

Species & Subspecies

  • Pionus chalcopterus (Fraser, 1841) - Bronze-winged Parrot
  • Pionus fuscus (Statius Müller, PL, 1776) - Dusky Parrot
  • Pionus maximiliani (Kuhl, 1820) - Scaly-headed Parrot
    • Pionus maximiliani maximiliani (Kuhl, 1820)
    • Pionus maximiliani lacerus (Heine, 1884)
    • Pionus maximiliani melanoblepharus (Miranda-Ribeiro, 1920)
    • Pionus maximiliani siy (Souancé, 1856)
  • Pionus menstruus (Linnaeus, 1766) - Blue-headed Parrot
    • Pionus menstruus menstruus (Linnaeus, 1766)
    • Pionus menstruus reichenowi (Heine, 1884)
    • Pionus menstruus rubrigularis (Cabanis, 1881)
  • Pionus senilis (von Spix, 1824) - White-crowned Parrot
  • Pionus seniloides (Massena & Souancé, 1854) - White-capped Parrot
  • Pionus sordidus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Red-billed Parrot
    • Pionus sordidus sordidus (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Pionus sordidus antelius (Todd, 1947)
    • Pionus sordidus corallinus (Bonaparte, 1854)
    • Pionus sordidus mindoensis (Chapman, 1925)
    • Pionus sordidus ponsi (Aveledo & Ginés, 1950)
    • Pionus sordidus saturatus (Todd, 1915)
  • Pionus tumultuosus (Tschudi, 1844) - Plum-crowned Parrot