CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments that regulate international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants. The purpose is to protect species from becoming extinct.

CITES maintains lists with endangered species threatened by extinction:

  • Species listed in CITES Appendix I are threatened by extinction; trade in these species is only permitted in exceptional circumstances!
  • Species listed in CITES Appendix II are not immediately threatened by extinction but trading must be controlled in order to ensure their survival.
  • Species listed in CITES Appendix III are protected in at least one country

Most parrot species are listed in CITES Appendix II while some are listed in Appendix I.

Notice: CITES aims to restrict import/export of endangered species but national laws may be more strict and also restrict local trading! Make sure to have the necessary permits!

For more information: www.cites.org

EU Wildlife Trade Regulations

All countries in the European Union (EU) must implement the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations. These regulations aim to implement CITES uniformly in all European countries.

The EU Wildlife Trade Regulations lists endangered species as:

  • Annex A: All species from CITES Appendix I except those where EU member states have entered a reservation. Also lists some CITES Appendix II  + III and some non-CITES species.
  • Annex B: All other species from CITES Appendix II except those where EU member states have entered a reservation + some non-CITES species.
  • Annex C: All other species from CITES Appendix III except those where EU member states have entered a reservation.
  • Annex D: Some CITES Appendix III species for which EU holds a reservation + some non-CITES species.

Notice the EU Wildlife Trade Regulations are more strict than CITES!

For more information: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/cites/legislation_en.htm

The Hyacinth Macaw - Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus - is threatened by extinction and listed on CITES Appendix I.