Parrots from the Amazona genus are commonly known as Amazon Parrots. They are medium sized parrots of mainly green plumage native in a wide range from South America to Mexico and the Caribbean. The Amazona genus consists of 30 species and several sub-species.

The parrots in the Amazona genus are very common as pets and also among breeders. Some species are now threatened due to a large demand of pet birds. Capturing wild birds for pet trade is now illegal according to CITES, which will hopefully allow the population of those species to increase.

Amazon Parrots require a lot of attention if they are to be kept as single pet bird. They are very noisy by nature and can scream very loud and very long if they are lacking attention or get upset. 

One should be aware that birds often relate to a single person and may seem repulsive to all others. They are highly intelligent and able to imitate different sounds, words or simple sentences. They can live for 50 years or longer in captivity so you get a friend for life with a pet Amazon parrot.

In an outdoor aviary be aware that they generally do not tolerate frost but require at least 5ºC in winter and therefore need an insulated and heated shed.


The Amazon Parrots was originally named Amazone in the 18th century by the French naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc also known as Comte de Buffon, who believed these parrots was native to the Amazonian jungles - hence the name. In 1830 the genus Amazona was established by French ornithologist René Primevère Lesson as a proper Latinized version of the previous name.

Species and subspecies

  • Amazona aestiva - Turquoise-fronted Parrot
    • Amazona aestiva aestiva
    • Amazona aestiva xanthopteryx
  • Amazona agilis - Black-billed Parrot
  • Amazona albifrons - White-fronted Parrot
    • Amazona albifrons albifrons
    • Amazona albifrons nana
    • Amazona albifrons saltuensis
  • Amazona amazonica - Orange-winged Parrot
    • Amazona amazonica amazonica
    • Amazona amazonica tobagensis
  • Amazona arausiaca - Red-necked Parrot
  • Amazona auropalliata - Yellow-naped Parrot
    • Amazona auropalliata auropalliata
    • Amazona auropalliata caribaea
    • Amazona auropalliata parvipes - Small Yellow-Naped Amazon
  • Amazona autumnalis - Red-lored Parrot
    • Amazona autumnalis autumnalis - Red-lored Parrot (Yellow-cheeked)
    • Amazona autumnalis diadema - Red-lored Parrot (Diademed)
    • Amazona autumnalis lilacina
    • Amazona autumnalis salvini - Salvin´s Amazon
  • Amazona barbadensis - Yellow-shouldered Parrot
  • Amazona brasiliensis - Red-tailed Parrot
  • Amazona collaria - Yellow-billed Parrot
  • Amazona dufresniana - Blue-cheeked Parrot
  • Amazona farinosa - Mealy Parrot
    • Amazona farinosa farinosa
    • Amazona farinosa guatemalae
    • Amazona farinosa virenticeps
  • Amazona festiva - Festive Parrot
    • Amazona festiva bodini
    • Amazona festiva festiva
  • Amazona finschi - Lilac-crowned Parrot
  • Amazona guildingii - St. Vincent Parrot
  • Amazona imperialis - Imperial Parrot
  • Amazona kawalli - Kawall's Parrot
  • Amazona leucocephala - Cuban Parrot
    • Amazona leucocephala bahamensis - Cuban Parrot (Bahamas)
    • Amazona leucocephala caymanensis
    • Amazona leucocephala hesterna
    • Amazona leucocephala leucocephala - Cuban Parrot (Cuban)
  • Amazona mercenarius - Scaly-naped Parrot
    • Amazona mercenarius canipalliata
    • Amazona mercenarius mercenarius
  • Amazona ochrocephala - Yellow-crowned Parrot
    • Amazona ochrocephala nattereri - Natterer's Amazon
    • Amazona ochrocephala ochrocephala
    • Amazona ochrocephala panamensis - Panama Amazon
    • Amazona ochrocephala xantholaema - Marajo Yellow-Headed Amazon
  • Amazona oratrix - Yellow-headed Parrot
    • Amazona oratrix belizensis
    • Amazona oratrix hondurensis
    • Amazona oratrix oratrix
    • Amazona oratrix tresmariae - Yellow-headed Parrot (Tres Marias Islands)
  • Amazona pretrei - Red-spectacled Parrot
  • Amazona rhodocorytha - Red-browed Parrot
  • Amazona tucumana - Tucuman Parrot
  • Amazona ventralis - Hispaniolan Parrot
  • Amazona versicolor - St. Lucia Parrot
  • Amazona vinacea - Vinaceous-breasted Parrot
  • Amazona viridigenalis - Red-crowned Parrot
  • Amazona vittata - Puerto Rican Parrot
    • Amazona vittata gracilipes
    • Amazona vittata vittata
  • Amazona xantholora - Yellow-lored Parrot