Cacatua haematuropygia – Red-vented Cockatoo

Red-vented Cockatoo - Cacatua haematuropygia (Statius Müller, PL, 1776) - is rare in aviculture. They are critically endangered of becoming extinct due to trapping of wild birds for trading and loss of their native habitat.

Young birds can easily be tamed. They are not as noisy as some of the larger cockatoos.

They are gregarious and like to stay in the flock when eating and sleeping except in the breeding period, where the pairs prefer to avoid other birds.

They are difficult to breed in captivity; often the male gets aggressive towards the female.

Description

Small white cockatoo. The crest is white with base feathers washed with yellow and rose/pink. Ear coverts has a yellow/pink tint. It is easily recognized by the red undertail coverts. The underside of the tail is yellow.

The male has dark brown/black eyes - the female has reddish/brown. The eye ring is white.

Juveniles are similar to the adults but has grey eyes.

Size: about 30-31 cm
Weight: about 300-340 g

 

Habitat

The Red-vented Cockatoo is endemic to the Philippines; it is also known as Philippine Cockatoo in some sources. It used to be widespread on most of the larger islands and also many of the smaller islands. However, the population has declined drastically and it is now only present on a few islands. According to IUCN it has been listed as Critically Endangered since 1994 because of loss of its native habitats and also due to trapping for bird trading.The largest population (an estimated 650 - 1200 birds) is located on Palawan and nearby Islands; some very small populations are located on Sulu, Polillo, Bohol  and Samar.   They prefer lowland forests close to riverine or coastal areas with mangroves.

Diet

Wild birds feed on various seeds, fruit (incl. bananas), nuts, berries and flowers but also forages on crops like half-ripe rice and corn.

Aviculture

Breeding period is between January and July.

The aviary should be at least 3m long. The nest box should be a vertical box about 30 x 30 x 60 cm.

The clutch usually has 2-3 eggs that are incubated for about 28 days. The chicks leave the nest about 11 weeks after hatching.

Taxonomy

  • Order: Psittaciformes
  • Family: Cacatuidae
  • Genus: Cacatua

Synonyms

  • Danish: Filippinsk Kakadu
  • English: Red-vented Cockatoo, Philippine Cockatoo, Philippine Islands Cockatoo
  • French: Cacatoès des Philippines
  • German: Rotsteißkakadu
  • Portuguese: Catatua-filipina
  • Spanish: Cacatúa Filipina, Cacatúa Malaya

IUCN Red List

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
Version 2017-3. <www.iucnredlist.org>.
Downloaded on 19 March 2018.

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